In a slim little volume that’s eminently readable, visionary architects Amale Andraos and Dan Wood have documented how their firm, WORKac, recruited a team of 150 collaborators, built an elevated urban farm at the Museum of Modern Art’s (MoMA) P.S.1 courtyard in Queens, New York, and put on a party for thousands.
Above the Pavement – the Farm! Is a distillation of 30,000 pages of interviews with the crew of engineers, carpenters, architects, farmers, artists, technicians, and videographers who contributed to the project.
It features an essay by artist and agricultural activist Fritz Haeg, who tagged it all “a handsome piece of pragmatic poetry.” Architectural historian Meredith TehHoor, architect Winy Maas and Gramercy Taven head chef Michael Anthony also contributed.
“It’s kind of a mélange,” Dan said. “But it’s been edited into one narrative that almost reads like a novel. It was done in a matter of months.”
His firm was selected in 2008 to build a temporary pavilion for a MoMA-sponsored “beach party” at the Queens site. “Every year the museum hosts its Young Architects Program,” he said. “It’s kind of a breakthrough thing. It’s given to architects just starting out with their careers, with the stamp of approval from MoMA.” Barry Bergdoll, chief curator of architecture and design at MoMA, notes in the book that Phillip Johnson designed the first pavilion, which was basically a disc jockey stand.
WORKac was selected in its ninth year. “By the time we were awarded it, we thought the program was tired,” he said. “We decided to use it as an opportunity to experiment with sustainability with an emphasis on urban ecological infrastructure.”
Instead of a pavilion, the firm designed an off-grid urban farm elevated forty feet in the air, with the party area below. It was solar powered, fed by rainwater and built of biodegradable materials like recyclable cardboard columns known in the trade as Sonotubes. “The whole thing was made of paper,” he said. “There was 80,000 pounds of dirt supported by cardboard tubes.”
It was re-christened P.F.1.
It was a floating urban farm, complete with chickens. Even for someone who writes and teaches about sustainable urbanism, who’s known as a self-proclaimed farmer, the learning curve was enormous. “The closest we’d been to real dirt was the dust in our apartments,” Dan said.
They call their concept for urban planning “rurbanization,” believing that cities need to co-opt the best of rural life and become more localized and sustainable.
The farm produced cucumbers, beans, squash, radishes, and tomatoes in an experimental lightweight dirt called GaiaSoil, made of recycled Styrofoam, compost and pectin gel. Its produce went to the museum café, to staff members and to the architects and growers.
“There were 7,000 people there for the party,” he said. “We encouraged them all to pick and to graze.”
When it was all over, the entire farm was disassembled and recycled. “When we took it down, even the columns were recycled,” he said. “We took them back to the manufacturer, who took them apart and turned them back into cardboard.”
For more on WORKac and P.F.1, go to http://work.ac/