It’s no less than the documentation of the evolution of one of America’s finest writers.
Ernest Hemingway: Between Two Wars opens Sept. 25 at the Morgan Library and Museum in Manhattan. It’s the first-ever major museum exhibition of his work, and promises a thorough examination of how the author honed his craft and brought emotional life to his writing.
“In a nutshell it’s about Hemingway’s creative process, focusing on his most creative period in terms of the quality of what he was producing,” says Declan Kiely, curator of the exhibition. “It’s the inter-war period that’s most interesting.”
It’s been organized by the Morgan Library & Museum in collaboration with the Ernest Hemingway Collection at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, where most of Hemingway’s papers are housed.
“We talk about how the First World War shaped him and his short stories and defined him as a writer,” he says. “Then we go through Paris, then Key West, to Cuba, and then World War II.”
All along the way, the exhibition is punctuated generously with words and images: Hemingway in a hospital bed in Italy, in a laughing exchange with Agnes von Kurowsky and on crutches in the streets of Milan.
There’s his first short story (written on Red Cross stationery, complete with suicidal ending), the invitation to tea at Gertrude Stein’s Paris salon and the first two chapters of The Sun Also Rises, excised from the book’s first manuscript at Scott Fitzgerald’s suggestion.
“We’re showing three of seven original notebooks that Hemingway used in school exercise books, so people can see the kinds of material he used and how the text changes, and how he stripped down the dialog and surrounding text,” he says.
The result is a demonstration of Hemingway’s intense efforts to get the essence of his experiences down on paper, with the fewest number of words. “It shows the way that he cut and wrote at the same time,” he says. “He writes half a page, says it’s not good enough, and strikes it right out. It is Hemingway as craftsman.”
Which, for most writers, will be akin to gazing upon the holy grail.
1. Ernest Hemingway on crutches while recovering in Milan, Italy, September 1918. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.
2. Hemingway’s 1923 passport (detail), 1923. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.
3. Hemingway in Switzerland with his first wife, Hadley Richardson, 1922. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.
4. Portrait of Hemingway in his Red Cross uniform, January 1919. Ermeni Studio, Milan. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.
5. Three Stories & Ten Poems, [Paris]: Contact Publishing Co., 1923, The Carter Burden Collection of American Literature, The Morgan Library & Museum, Photography by Graham S. Haber, 2014.
6. The Sun Also Rises, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1926, The Carter Burden Collection of American Literature, The Morgan Library & Museum, Photography by Graham S. Haber, 2014.
7. First page of autograph manuscript of A Farewell to Arms, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1929. Reprinted with the permission of Simon & Schuster, Inc. Copyright © 1929 by Charles Scribner’s Sons. Copyright renewed ©1957 by Ernest Hemingway. All rights reserved.
8. Hemingway with his third wife, Martha Gellhorn, 1941. Allan Campbell. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.
9. Ernest Hemingway stepping out of a canoe, Sun Valley, Idaho, October 1941. Photograph by Robert Capa. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library. ©International Center of Photography/Magnum Photos.
10. F. Scott (Francis Scott) Fitzgerald (1896–1940), Autograph letter to Ernest Hemingway, signed, On Board the S.S. Conte Biancamano, [10–23 December 1926]. The Ernest Hemingway Collection / Kennedy Presidential Library. By permission of Harold Ober Associates Incorporated on behalf of the Fitzgerald Trust.